Keratoconus is a condition related to the thinning of the cornea. The cornea is the clear outer layer of the eye that focuses light so you can see clearly. When the cornea thins, it cannot act the way it is supposed to. Generally, this condition is something people notice when they are in their teenage or young adult years, and it can progress quickly.
Crystal Vision Center Main in College Station, TX, understands that dealing with this condition can be difficult. If you suspect that you have keratoconus, here are a few things you should know before diagnosis and treatment.
Causes of Keratoconus
There is still a lot that researchers do not know about keratoconus. This condition results in the loss of corneal collagen, leading to the destruction of corneal tissue. No specific cause for this loss of collagen has been identified. Still, some factors may be associated with this condition. They include genetics, eye rubbing, and chronic inflammation of the eyes.
Symptoms of Keratoconus
The symptoms of keratoconus are often subtle, and many people do not realize that they have the condition. When people do notice symptoms of keratoconus, they are often only poor vision or slight blurring.
Additional symptoms include:
- Light sensitivity
- Halos around lights
- Poor night vision
- Eye irritation or rubbing
Consult an optometrist if you notice these symptoms. Many of these symptoms could also be indicative of other eye diseases, so getting an accurate diagnosis is important.
Diagnosis of this condition involves a comprehensive eye exam with an optometrist. The doctor will perform a corneal topography exam, which provides imagery of the cornea's curve. The doctor may also use a lamp to exam the cornea and also examine the thickness of the cornea for thin spots.
Treatment for this condition depends on the stage of the disease progression. At first, you may simply wear glasses to address your changing vision. With time, the eye doctor may recommend corneal collagen cross-linking, which applies Vitamin B to the eye and allows collagen bonds to form and strengthen.
The most serious cases of keratoconus may need to be treated with a corneal transplant. This surgery is an outpatient procedure, so you will be able to return home after the surgery.
Schedule Your Eye Exam Today
At Crystal Vision Center Main in College Station, TX, we can help you schedule your next eye exam. Contact our office to learn more about taking care of your eyes.