Eye Care for Macular Degeneration at Crystal Vision Center
Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of vision loss. That's why it's essential to be tested for macular degeneration during an annual eye exam to treat the condition as quickly as possible. At Crystal Vision Center in College Station, we provide various treatment options for macular degeneration and other eye conditions.
What Is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration is caused by the breakdown of the central part of the retina. The central portion of the retina, also called the macula, is needed for focusing central vision in the eyes. It controls our ability to perform everyday functions such as reading, driving a car, and recognizing faces. Macular degeneration does not affect vision at the onset, but the damage can be irreversible as the condition worsens. Symptoms of macular degeneration include blurry vision, seeing spots, inability to see in dim light, and distorted vision. Patients with advanced macular degeneration retain their peripheral vision, but it is not as clear as central vision. That's why regular eye exams are essential for detecting and treating macular degeneration early on.
Types of Macular Degeneration
There are two main types of macular degeneration: wet and dry. The majority of cases are dry. Dry macular degeneration is caused by fatty deposits called drusen. In wet macular degeneration, the oxygen supply of the retina becomes disrupted. The body responds by forming abnormal blood vessels that grow and break through the membrane behind the macula. This results in damage to the retina that can cause vision loss.
Age is the most significant risk factor for macular degeneration as it is more likely to occur in adults over the age of 55. Other risk factors include:
- Genetics - A family history of macular degeneration puts you at greater risk
- Race - Caucasians are more at risk for macular degeneration compared to Latinos or African Americans
- Smoking - Significantly increases the risk for macular degeneration.
There is no cure for macular degeneration, but certain lifestyle habits and treatment options can reduce the risk or slow the progression if diagnosed. These include eating a healthy diet, regular exercise, and protecting your eyes from ultraviolet light. Also, yearly eye exams from one of our qualified optometrists are highly recommended. If surgery is necessary, our team will provide pre- and post-care to ensure an optimal outcome.
Contact Us for Vision Care from Our Eye Doctors in College Station
At Crystel Vision Center, we are your choice for eye care in the College Station, TX area. We are committed to providing our patients the care they need to maintain their vision and eye health. Contact our office to learn more about macular degeneration treatment or to book your next eye exam.